Singapore Institute of Technology

File(s) stored somewhere else

Please note: Linked content is NOT stored on Singapore Institute of Technology and we can't guarantee its availability, quality, security or accept any liability.

A Fast Item Identification and Counting in Ultra-dense Beacon Networks

conference contribution
posted on 2023-10-27, 02:04 authored by Pai Chet NgPai Chet Ng, James SheJames She, Petros Spachos, Rong Ran

While many technologies (e.g., RFID, QR code, etc.) have been developed for items identification, they fail to provide continuous monitoring for items in transit. This paper introduces a Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beacon-based system, which can be deployed easily with any off-the-shelf smartphone without modification on the existing infrastructures. However, it is an elusive challenge to achieve a fast item identification and counting involving massive items stacked up inside a confined space (e.g., a container), resulting in an ultra-dense beacon network (UDBN). To this end, we propose a novel beaconing solution capable of informing the receiver about their own presence as well as the presence of their neighboring beacons for identification purpose. Specifically, our proposed solution provides a well-designed yet innovative protocol data unit (PDU) which allows the beacon to encapsulate its neighboring information into its own advertising packet. A prototype consisting of 300 beacons is implemented to demonstrate the feasibility of our proposed solution for real-world applications. The extensive experiment confirm the superiority of our proposed solution in delivering a fast item identification and counting in UDBN.


Journal/Conference/Book title

GLOBECOM 2020 - 2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, 07-11 December 2020, Taipei, Taiwan.

Publication date



  • Published

Usage metrics


    No categories selected



    Ref. manager