Singapore Institute of Technology

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Implementation of a Virtual Patient Chatbot for Physiotherapy Students Training

With the increased adoption of artificial intelligence and metaverse applications, there is an increase in the adoption of the use of Virtual Patients for the clinical training of physiotherapy students. This paper provides details of our implementation of a prototype voice-input Virtual Patient Chatbot system for the training of physiotherapy students in taking patients’ histories and improving their communication skills. We will share some challenges faced in the implementation of the chatbot system, which integrates components from Unity 3D, Amazon Web Services, and Google DialogFlow. We will also present findings from our initial study with a group of physiotherapy students.


Journal/Conference/Book title

IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM2023), 18-21 December 2023, Singapore.

Publication date



  • Post-print

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Corresponding author

Malcolm Yoke Hean Low