Singapore Institute of Technology
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Longitudinal associations of housework with frailty and mortality in older adults: Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study 2

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-19, 06:43 authored by Shiou Liang WeeShiou Liang Wee

Background: real-worldobservationsonthelong-termbenefitsofTaiChi(TC)exercise,intermsofphysicalandcognitivefunctioning,frailty,qualityoflife(QOL)andmortalityarelacking. prospectivecohortstudyparticipantswerecommunity-dwellingadultsaged55+,including5,407non-frequentTCparticipants(<1x/week)and572frequentTCparticipants(≥1x/week).Outcomemeasuresatbaselineand3–5yearsfollow-upincludedphysicalperformance(KneeExtensionStrength,POMABalanceandGait,Timed-up-and-go,GaitSpeed)andneurocognitiveperformance(attentionandworkingmemory,visual-motortrackingandmentalflexibility,verballearningandmemory,visualmemory,spatialandconstructionalability),FrailtyIndex≥0.10,impairedQOL(SF12physicalandmentalcomponent)andall-causemortalityfrommean13yearsfollow-up.Effectestimateswereadjustedforsocio-demographics,otherphysicalactivities,nutritionalriskandpresenceofcardiometabolicdiseases. frequentTCparticipationwasassociatedwith0.7-foldlowerprevalenceofimpairedphysicalQOL[95%confidenceinterval(CI)=0.57–0.91],decreased0.4-foldoddsofincidentprefrailty/frailtyamongrobustparticipantsatbaselineand0.7-foldoddsofimpairedmentalQOLatfollow-upamongparticipantswithnormalmentalQOLatbaseline.Loweroddsofmortalityrisk(HR=0.89,95%CI=0.72–1.09)werenotsignificantaftercontrollingforsocioeconomic,behaviouralandhealthfactors.Compositeindexesofphysicalfunctionalandneurocognitiveperformanceweremaintainedathighlevelorincreasedatfollow-upamongfrequentTCparticipants. TCexercisepractisedamongcommunity-dwellingolderadultsisassociatedwithbetterphysical,cognitiveandfunctionalwellbeing.Methods: Results: Conclusion:

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Journal/Conference/Book title

Age and Aging (British Geriatrics Society)

Publication date

2023-01-01

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  • Published

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