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Malnutrition and Sarcopenia in Community-Dwelling Adults in Singapore: Yishun Health Study
Objectives: To determine the overlapping prevalence of malnutrition and sarcopenia and the association between parameters of malnutrition with muscle mass and strength in a community-dwelling Singaporean adult population. Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Setting: Large north-eastern residential town of Yishun in Singapore. Participants: Random sampling of community-dwelling Singaporeans aged 21-90 years old (n=541). Measurements: Anthropometry, body composition and handgrip strength (muscle strength) were measured. Sarcopenia was identified using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan (muscle mass). Nutritional status was measured using Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF). Other questionnaires collected included physical activity and cognition. Associations between nutritional status with sarcopenia as well as with muscle mass and strength were analysed using multinomial logistics and linear regressions. Results: The overall population-adjusted prevalence of those at nutritional risk and malnourished were 18.5% and 0.1% respectively. More than a third of participants (35%) who were at nutritional risk were sarcopenic. Malnourished participants were all sarcopenic (100%, N=2) whereas those who were sarcopenic, 27.0% (N=37) were at nutritional risk/ malnourished. Being at nutritional risk/malnourished was significantly associated with 2 to 3 times increased odds of sarcopenia in multivariate analyses adjusting for age, gender, physical activity level and cognition, and fat mass index. Favourable MNA parameter scores on food intake and BMI were positively associated with greater muscle mass and handgrip strength (p<0.05). Conclusion: Given the overlapping clinical presentation of malnutrition and sarcopenia, community screening protocols should include combination screening of nutritional status and sarcopenia with appropriate interventions to mitigate risk of adverse health outcomes
Core grant from MOH to GERI
Ministry of Education Innovation Capability Fund under Grant (R-MOE-A404-F024)
Journal/Conference/Book titleJournal of Nutrition, Health and Aging
- 7117 (R-MOE-A404-F024) Extending Health Span and Advancing Person Centric Care in Community