Singapore Institute of Technology
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Sustainable energy propulsion system for sea transport to achieve United Nations sustainable development goals: a review

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-17, 08:19 authored by Zhi Yung TayZhi Yung Tay, Dimitrios Konovessis

The cost of renewable energy technologies such as wind and solar is falling signifcantly over the decade and this can have a large infuence on the eforts to reach sustainability. With the shipping industry contributing to a whopping 3.3% in global CO2 emissions, the International Maritime Organization has adopted short-term measures to reduce the carbon intensity of all ships by 50% by 2050. One of the means to achieve this ambitious target is the utilisation of propulsion systems powered by sustainable energy. This review paper summarises the current state of the adoption of renewable energy and alternative fuels used for ship propulsion. Special focus is given to the means of these alternative energies in achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, in particular Goal 7 (Afordable and Clean Energy), Goal 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure) and Goal 13 (Climate Action). A state-of-the-art for various ships powered by renewable energy and alternative fuels is investigated and their technologies for mitigating carbon emissions are described. The cost for each technology found in the literature is summarised and the pros and cons of each technology are studied.


y MOE, Grant Number R-MOE-E103-F010


Journal/Conference/Book title

Discover Sustainability

Publication date



  • Published

Project ID

  • 22 (R-MOE-E103-F010) Sustainable Marine Transport: Ship Energy Systems & Environmental Technologies