Effects of Humanitude Care on People with Dementia and Caregivers: A Scoping Review
Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to comprehensively review the research literature
to provide an overview of the effects of Humanitude on people with dementia
and their caregivers.
Background: Humanitude is a relationship-centred
and compassionate care approach
that focuses on improving the communication between people with dementia and
their caregivers. There is a lack of updated and comprehensive synthesis on the evidence
of the effects of Humanitude in dementia care.
Design and Methods: This paper adopted the scoping review framework by Arksey
and O'Malley. We searched through the following databases: Pubmed, CINAHL,
EMBASE, PsycINFO, ProQuest, Scopus and Web of Science from its inception to 3
September 2021. Three investigators independently screened the titles and abstracts
and assessed the full-text
articles for eligibility. The PRISMA-ScR
checklist was included
in this scoping review.
Results: We retrieved 1317 articles from databases and grey sources. Eleven studies
were included after the screening. The synthesised results suggest that Humanitude
can reduce agitation and psychological symptoms and improve the general well-being
of people with dementia. Humanitude also has positive effects in improving care communication,
empathy, job satisfaction and reducing burnout among caregivers.
Conclusion: Humanitude shows the potential for positive effects on people with
dementia and their caregivers. However, most studies did not include a comparator
group and could not provide rigorous findings as compared to randomised controlled
trials. There is a need for randomised controlled studies to demonstrate the effectiveness
of Humanitude on people with dementia and their caregivers.
Relevance for Clinical Practice: This paper reviewed the literature on all types of
publications that examine the use of Humanitude in people with dementia and their
caregivers. Thus, it provided an up-to-
overview of the effects of Humanitude to
inform clinical practice.