Singapore Institute of Technology
ijerph-20-05704.pdf (775.74 kB)

Measuring Interprofessional Collaboration’s Impact on Healthcare Services Using the Quadruple Aim Framework: A Protocol Paper

Download (775.74 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-03, 03:07 authored by Yang Yann Foo, Xiaohui Xin, Jai Prashanth Rao, Nigel CK Tan, Qianhui Cheng, Elaine Lum, Hwee Kuan OngHwee Kuan Ong, Sok Mui May LimSok Mui May Lim, Kirsty J. Freeman, Kevin Tan

Despite decades of research on the impact of interprofessional collaboration (IPC), we still lack definitive proof that team-based care can lead to a tangible effect on healthcare outcomes. Without return on investment (ROI) evidence, healthcare leaders cannot justifiably throw their weight behind IPC, and the institutional push for healthcare manpower reforms crucial for facilitating IPC will remain variable and fragmentary. The lack of proof for the ROI of IPC is likely due to a lack of a unifying conceptual framework and the over-reliance on the single-method study design. To address the gaps, this paper describes a protocol which uses as a framework the Quadruple Aim which examines the ROI of IPC using four dimensions: patient outcomes, patient experience, provider well-being, and cost of care. A multimethod approach is proposed whereby patient outcomes are measured using quantitative methods, and patient experience and provider well-being are assessed using qualitative methods. Healthcare costs will be calculated using the time-driven activity-based costing methodology. The study is set in a Singapore-based national and regional center that takes care of patients with neurological issues.


Journal/Conference/Book title

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Publication date



  • Published