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People With Knee Osteoarthritis Attending Physical Therapy Have Broad Education Needs and Prioritize Information About Surgery and Exercise: A Concept Mapping Study
To (1) identify the education priorities of people with knee osteoarthritis, including perceived importance and confidence that a health care professional can address each, and (2) match priorities to education-specific content recommendations in knee osteoarthritis management guidelines.
Concept mapping methodology.
Participants generated, sorted (based on themes), and rated (5-point Likert scales: importance and confidence) education priorities. Multidimensional scaling and hierarchical cluster analysis of sorting data produced a cluster map with overarching domains. Priorities were matched against education-specific content recommendations in knee osteoarthritis guidelines.
Participants (brainstorming, n = 43; sorting and rating, n = 24) generated 76 priorities. A 4-domain, 11-cluster map was the most useful representation of sorting data: (i) understanding treatment options (relationship of education and exercise with surgery, adjunct options, treatment decision making); (ii) exercise therapy (how to exercise, why exercise); (iii) understanding and managing the condition (symptom management, understanding symptoms, understanding the condition); and (4) surgical, medical, and dietary management (surgery, medications, diet and supplements). The “relationship of education and exercise with surgery” (3.88/5), “surgery” (3.86/5), and “how to exercise” (3.78/5) clusters were rated highest for importance. Few priorities identified by participants were clearly recommended as education-specific content recommendations in the American College of Rheumatology (3%, n = 2/76), European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology (12%, n = 9/76), National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (16%, n = 12/76), and Osteoarthritis Research Society International (1%, n = 1/76) guidelines.
People with knee osteoarthritis presenting to physical therapists have broad education needs and prioritize information about surgery and exercise.